The endocannabinoid system is designed to keep your body in balance, i.e. maintain the homeostasis of all other systems. It does this through the action of its endocannabinoids which go directly to the receptors on the cells at the target and signal to those genes, cells, tissues, organs, and systems what to do!
CB1 receptors are found mostly in the brain and nervous system (and sexual organs) and that CB2 receptors are found mostly in the immune system, especially the spleen. However, this is a very simple notion and assumes the endocannabinoid system modulates only those two systems. This is not at all true as receptors for this system are found all throughout the body. For example, there is a high concentration of them on undeveloped bone cells (osteoblasts). If these endocannabinoid system receptors are stimulated, they will develop into mature bone cells. Since most of these receptors are CB2 receptors, taking CBD oil can help build bone density.
Endocannabinoids are signalling molecules that are produced INSIDE the body. “Endo” means inside.
Cannabinoids are molecules produced in cannabis plantsthat are very similar in structure to endocannabinoids. Plant cannabinoids are referred to as phytocannabinoids “Phyto” means plant.
The most common endocannabinoids that have been studied have phytocannabinoid counterparts that interact with the cell membrane receptors in an almost identical way. They basically function the same they although differ in structure. These counterparts are called “mimetics” because they “mimic” certain endocannabinoids.
These cannabinoid counterparts (mimetics), including CBD, are highly concentrated in the essential oil of the cannabis plant. So, when you take full spectrum CBD oil, you are essentially feeding your body powerful signaling molecules (cannabinoids) that can interact directly with your endocannabinoid system!
Full spectrum CBD oil contains several cannabinoids, similar to those the human body produces naturally. These cannabinoids can interact with the receptors in your endocannabinoid system just as easily as endocannabinoids.
Scientists are still trying to figure out the finer details of how the endocannabinoid system works. They haven’t even mapped out all the receptor types yet! However, what is emerging is that the endocannabinoid system is the most powerful system in the body, capable of modulating the immune system, the nervous system, the digestive system, the endocrine system, and more.